Spain and portugal were in their prime as sea powers in the late 15th and the early 16th century, and they were most responsible for exploring, colonizing, and establishing the christian faith in the southern two-thirds of the american half of the world.
Those appointed to the role were chosen by the muslims rulers not the church christianity in the 15th century topic covers diverse philosophically and biblically informed religious movements and ideas within christianity from the late 18th century onward liberal does not refer to progressive christianity or to a political philosophy.
The inquisition played a major role in the final expulsion of islam from the kingdoms of sicily and spain in 1482, pope sixtus iv condemned its excesses but ferdinand ignored his protests historians note that for centuries protestant propaganda and popular literature exaggerated the horrors of these inquisitions. About this course: this course explores jewish, christian, and muslim intercultural relations in iberia from the visigothic era (6th century ce) until the creation of queen isabel i and king ferdinand ii catholic spain (late 15th century) we evaluate the many identities of the peninsula known as christian hispania, jewish sefarad, and islamic al-andalus. History of spain nevertheless this enclave at the tip of christian spain is an affront to the conscience of neighbouring castile in the early 15th century the ideal of the reconquista is revived by the end of the century castile, united with aragon, has the strength to undertake it.
The age of reformation and counter-reformation although condemned for heresy, girolamo savonarola represented the ascetic reformist piety that existed in the late 15th century starting in the late 1970s, the situation of christianity in china greatly improved, and the divisions between the two catholic churches diminished.
In 1238, the christian reconquest forced spanish muslims south, and the kingdom of granada was established as the last refuge of the moorish civilization granada flourished culturally and economically for the next 200 years, but in the late 15th century internal feuds and a strengthened spanish monarchy under ferdinand and isabella signaled the end of moorish civilization in spain.