Angiomyolipomas are benign neoplasms of the kidney that are composed of fat, smooth muscle, and thick-walled blood vessels in varying proportions in surgical series, approximately half are associated with tuberous sclerosis and half occur sporadically. Nephrolithiasis medication updated: jun 22, 2018 author they are inexpensive and proven effective disadvantages include sedation, respiratory depression, smooth muscle spasm, and potential for abuse and addiction smith ac, hanley jm, saigal cs, urologic diseases in america project prevalence of kidney stones in the united. Multisystemic smooth muscle dysfunction syndrome is a disease in which the activity of smooth muscle throughout the body is impaired this leads to widespread problems including blood vessel abnormalities, a decreased response of the pupils to light, a weak bladder, and weakened contractions of the muscles used for the digestion of food (hypo.
Smooth muscle (so-named because the cells do not have striations) is present in the walls of hollow organs like the urinary bladder, uterus, stomach, intestines, and in the walls of passageways, such as the arteries and veins of the circulatory system, and the tracts of the respiratory,.
External anatomy the left kidney is located at about the t12 to l3 vertebrae, whereas the right is lower due to slight displacement by the liver emerging from the hilum is the renal pelvis, which is formed from the major and minor calyxes in the kidney the smooth muscle in the renal pelvis funnels urine via peristalsis into the ureter.
Possible causes of hypoxia include: a taking several rapid deep breaths b getting very cold c too little oxygen in the atmosphere d obstruction of the esophagus functions of the nasal conchae are to enhance the air turbulence in the cavity and to increase the mucosal surface area exposed to the air: a true b.
However, smooth muscle tissue tends to demonstrate greater elasticity and function within a larger length-tension curve than striated muscle this ability to stretch and still maintain contractility is important in organs like the intestines and urinary bladder blood vessels in skin, gastrointestinal system, kidney and brain respond to. Prevention of medial calcification in patients with chronic kidney disease requires the maintenance of vascular smooth muscle cell fitness to preserve viability under chronic kidney disease–induced stress, vascular smooth muscle cells increase exosome formation and release, but the result is aggravated pathological calcification now chen et al report that microvesicles from calcifying.
The smooth muscle cells are characterized by a single nucleus and a spindle-shaped figure they are also non-striated and have no organized myofilaments.
Renal colic is a spasm of the smooth muscle of the ureters or bladder as the kidney stone's jagged edges scrape the mucosa and cause pain stones that do not pass spontaneously can be removed surgically or destroyed by lithotripsy. Smooth muscle is an involuntary (the organism does not have mentalcontrol over) muscle that usually lines the gut, veins and otherinternal organs it is made up of non-striate d muscle categories.