The han dynasty was founded by liu bang, who emerged victorious in the chu–han contention that followed the fall of the qin dynasty a golden age in chinese history, the han dynasty's long period of stability and prosperity consolidated the foundation of china as a unified state under a central imperial bureaucracy, which was to last intermittently for most of the next two millennia. The qin dynasty (chinese: 秦 朝 pinyin: qín cháo wade–giles: ch'in 2 ch'ao 2) was the first dynasty of imperial china, lasting from 221 to 206 bc named for its heartland in qin state (modern gansu and shaanxi ), the dynasty was founded by qin shi huang , the first emperor of qin.
Marking the beginning of the age of empire in china and founded by qin shi huang, the first emperor of imperial china qin arrange for the first version of the great wall to be.
After a short civil war, a new dynasty, called han (206 bc- ad 220), emerged with its capital at chang'an ( ) the new empire retained much of the qin administrative structure but retreated a bit from centralized rule by establishing vassal principalities in some areas for the sake of political convenience. The han dynasty came to power in 202 bce, bringing an end to the chaos that raged throughout china after the fall of the qin dynasty the han emperors ruled china for more than 400 years, except for a brief period between 9 and 23 ce, when a powerful minister, wang mang, seized the throne. The imperial house was massacred and the qin dynasty was thus at an end a complicated series of battles followed for the honour of being the successor to the qin dynasty which resulted in the period known as the chu-han contention in which xiang-yu of the state of chu fought liu bang of han for supremacy.
Han dynasty: western/former han (206 bce-9 ce) and eastern/later han (25-220 ce) modified and consolidated the foundation of the imperial order confucianism was established as orthodoxy and open civil service examinations were introduced.
After the han dynasty of ancient china there was a period of constant civil war the period from 220 to 589 is often called the period of 6 dynasties, which covers the three kingdoms, chin dynasty, and southern and northern dynasties. The whole period lasted from the foundation of the qin dynasty, in 221 bce, to the fall of the qing dynasty, in 1912 ce, and so constitutes by far the longest period in chinese history this period followed that era of ancient china known as the warring states.
The origins of the han dynasty in 202 bce, emperor gaozu, whose given name was liu bang, became the first han emperor after defeating the last rebellion against him he had already been king of han since 206 bce (the formal beginning of the han dynasty) during the previous dynasty, the qin, liu bang had been a minor official.
Periods and dynasties of ancient china neolithic, xia, shang, zhou, qin and han dynasties of ancient china the focus here is on the period of ancient chinese history that begins with the advent of writing after the han dynasty of ancient china there was a period of constant civil war the period from 220 to 589 is often called the.